Behavior Training a Dog or Puppy
When your dog misbehaves you need to let him know that he is doing something wrong immediately. If you wait too long they will not associate your corrective actions with their misconduct. Physical punishment is usually not necessary. Startling your dog with a firm "No", blowing a hand held air horn or rattling a can filled with coins or rocks should deter your dog or puppy from continuing with their current action. You may want to administer a remote correction, which is simply making the noise without your dog knowing you were the one making the noise so that the dog won't associate you with the corrective action, if he does associate you with the action then he'll just wait till you are away and perform it. After you stop the dog from misbehaving sit him down and praise him for his good behavior of sitting.
Teaching a dog not to bite should begin when your dog is a puppy. For the first 3-4 months age, it is okay if he puts his mouth in your hand but after that point it should be discouraged. If after that point if he bites down on your hand you should let out a little yelp and walk away, this way your puppy will learn that anytime he bites a human they will not receive any attention. Giving your dog toys to chew on should help relieve any biting problems that occur.
If your dog barks excessively they should be brought inside until they learn to control their barking habits. It is natural for a dog to bark, so you have to let them know that it's ok for them to bark but need to quiet down when they are told to do so. To get your dog to stop barking, tell him to, "Be quiet" while waving a treat in front of his nose (dogs' can't sniff/lick the treat while barking). During the time that he has stopped barking praise your dog and after about 3 seconds give him the treat. Next time he barks repeat the same process except wait about 5 seconds and for each successive time increase the time before giving him the treat (10 seconds, 20 seconds, 30 seconds) till he learns to stop barking for a full minute or more. After a while the dog will stop barking on command without the need for treats but it is still important to praise your dog for his action of being quiet.
Dogs may be afraid or tentative to go up and down stairs. To assist larger dogs manage going up and down stairs; you should leash the dog and keep a firm grip on the leash, with very little slack. For your protection, you should also have a firm grip on the railing as well. Stand with your dog at the bottom of a flight of stairs. It would be best if the stairway was wide and had good traction. Look straight ahead and start to walk up the stairs. If he doesn't go up at first, you should start over and try again. It may take some time for your dog go up the first step. For smaller dogs and puppies, you are able to use a different method. First, place the puppy on the first step, and walk a couple paces away. Encourage the dog to jump off the step. If the dog is hesitant, you may want to persuade him off by using a toy or treat. After this is successful, you can place the dog on the second step, then eventually at the top to the flight of stairs.
Do not feed your dog before the car ride. Start out with short trips and slowly increase the lengths of the trips to let your dog get accustomed to the rides. Allow your dog to settle down in the back seat of the car. Do not open the window wide enough for the dog to stick his head out the window. Then provides an opportunity for the dog to be seriously injured. You may want to give the dog a toy to distract him while he is in the car. It is advised for the first few trips that you bring towels or newspapers and cover the back of the car just in case your dog has to vomit.
If your dog is eating feces, startle him with a loud noise (such as rattling a can of rocks or blowing an air horn) as soon as you see that he is sniffing or about to eat the feces. You can avoid this problem by picking up any feces that may be on your lawn before your dog can eat it. Visits When you take your dog for different types of visits (e.g. veterinarian, groomer), you want them to be calm and under control. Walk your dog a little to calm him down before you take him in, because the car ride there or being in a new environment may get him animated.
Pawing and Jumping
It is not uncommon for a dog to jump up and place their paws on you to try to get your attention. Simply turn away from him, walk away and ignore him. You don't want to give him any attention by trying to push him down or he will keep jumping up and pawing you. The next time you see your dog moves toward you, make him sit down before he has an opportunity to jump up and reward/praise him for his good behavior of sitting.
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